Essay on Rural Development Programme in India

 

rural development essay

Introduction. Rural development has been the driving aim of agriculture and agricultural development in developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa; without rural development, agricultural development will . ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this essay to learn about Rural Development in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Rural Development 2. Activities and Experiments Undertaken for Rural Development 3. The Rural Development Programmes 4. Institutions 5. Observations and Problems 6. Suggestions. Essay Contents: Essay on the Introduction to Rural Development Essay [ ]. Jul 23,  · Introduction: Rural development means the development of the village. Bangladesh is a land of villages. More than 80 percent of her people live in villages. So the importance of villages in our body politic is great. The development of the entire country depends on the welfare of these villages. So it is essential to keep [ ]Author: Abdullah Likhan.


Long and Short Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development in English for Children and Students


In this essay we will discuss about Rural Development Rural development essay in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Rural Development Programme in India 2. The majority of population in India about 73 per cent is living in rural areas.

Living conditions of the rural people are very poor. Under such a situation, development of rural areas must receive adequate attention in various schemes designed for the development of Indian economy. Accordingly, rural development essay, since the inception of rural development essay planning in India, the First Plan introduced the Community Development Programme and on 2nd October,first 55 Community Development Projects were inaugurated where each project was covering three Development Blocks.

With the passage of time, rural development essay, more and more such projects were developed and at the end of the Fifth Plan, about 5, Blocks were developed to cover almost all villages of the country, rural development essay, The community development programmes had undertaken ambitious schemes for alround development of rural areas which included improvement of agricultural rural development essay, exploring supplementary sources of employment, rural development essay of minor irrigation facilities, improvement of transportation facilities, provision for social services and development of co-operatives and panchayats.

Till the end of Fifth Plan, about Rs. Inspite of these attempts, the Community Development Programme could not make much headway as it failed to enthuse the villages into the spirit of self-help, self-reliance and co-operative effort. Thus, the planners were worried about the failure of this community development programme as it failed to attract more and more rural people within its fold. In the meantime lot of changes have taken place, rural development essay.

At the Centre, the Ministry of Community Development and Co-operation was abolished and was replaced by a New Ministry of Rural Development for accelerating the pace of rural development of the country, rural development essay.

Accordingly, since the Sixth Plan onwards, various self employment programmes and wage employment programmes were introduced. Again in the later category, the Food for Work Programme FWP was initiated in for generating additional gainful employment and rural development essay create durable community assets by utilising surplus food-grains accumulated as buffer stocks in the country.

But this FWP created a little impact on the market wage rate, generation of employment etc. Thus, rural development essay, from April 1,the NREP became a regular programme in the economic planning of the country since the Sixth Plan, rural development essay, Later on various other employment programmes were also introduced which include.

Let us analyse some of these programmes in detail. The Integrated Rural Development Programme IRDP seeks to promote self-employment by developing productive assets and providing inputs to the rural poor through a mix of subsidy and bank credit. As all these programmes overlap each other and therefore it became essential to integrate these programmes for effective monitoring and accounting. This programme was initiated as a multi-pronged attack on the problem of rural development was designed as an anti-poverty programme.

The process of economic development carried out in a country like India rural development essay benefitted mostly the relatively developed areas and also the relatively better off people. Inspite of various attempts the benefits have not reached up to the backward areas and its backward people.

To rectify this situation, designing of special programme for eradicating poverty became urgent, rural development essay. Thus, for the alleviation of rural poverty, poor people should be endowed with productive assets or skills for their fruitful self-employment by which they rural development essay earn greater incomes and thus cross the poverty line.

Basic objective of IRDP as introduced in the Sixth Plan was to promote self-employment of the poor households along-with the transfer of productive assets, so that they can earn income sufficient enough to cross the poverty line. The plan also emphasised that these people were poor because they did not possess any productive assets of their own except their labour, nor did they possess any special skills. All these assets would normally include sources of irrigation for those possessing some land, bullocks, other farm implements, seeds and fertilizers, animals for dairy and other animal husbandry activities, tools and training for cottage industries, handicrafts, village industries etc.

In recent years, two special sub-schemes of IRDP are also introduced. Out of the total beneficiaries, rural development essay, at least 40 per cent should be women, rural development essay. The programme of Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas DWCRA aims to improve the socio-economic status of the poor women in the rural areas through creation of group of women for income generating activities on a self-sustaining basis.

Table 8. In respect of PMRY, total employment generated was 1. NREP was a centrally sponsored scheme implemented with 50 sharing basis between the Centre and the States. The 50 per cent Central assistance was received in the form of food-grains and cash assistance as well. This programme was conceived as wage-employment programme, rural development essay.

Overriding objective was to make provision of wage employment for the rural poor. Under this programme, the shelf of projects was prepared on the basis of felt needs of entire rural community. The Sixth Plan in its report observed. This segment of the rural poor which largely depends on wage employment virtually has no source of income during the lean agricultural period, rural development essay.

The National Rural Employment Programme is conceived in the main to take care of this segment of the rural poor. It was decided that at the district level, rural development essay, 50 per cent of the expenditure would be incurred on wage component, 25 per cent be incurred on social forestry and 10 per cent for the benefit of scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. During the Sixth Plan period a sum of Rs 1, crore was allocated under this programme. But the actual total expenditure both by the Central and State Government was to the extent of Rs 1, crore.

During this plan period, there was decline in the utilisation of food-grains mainly due to inadequate arrangements of distribution, lower market price of food-grains at open market and preference for coarse grains instead of rice and wheat supplied under this programme.

Considering this situation the government decided rural development essay subsidise food-grains by 37 paisa to 40 paisa per kg for its distribution under this programme from January, The utilisation of food grains was to the extent of But the programme had no clear cut focus about target group of beneficiaries. To the extent the programme had apparently lacked a direct focus on the target group population for whom it was meant.

However, the Seventh Plan in its draft observed that the programme had resulted a substantial impact in respect of stabilisation of wages in rural areas, containing prices of food-grains, creating community assets which are expected to raise the level of living of the rural population.

Seventh Plan allocated an outlay of Rs 2, crore for NREP and set a target to generate employment to the extent of 1, million mandays. During first three years, about The Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme RLEGP was launched on 15th August with objectives of generating gainful employment opportunities, to create productive assets in rural area and also for the improvement of overall quality of rural life.

In this programme, the guarantee has not been operationalised due to lack of funds. In this programme again, preference in employment was given to landless labourers, women, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

This programme is totally funded by the Central Government. While allocating resources to State and Union Territories 50 per cent weightage has been given rural development essay the number of agricultural labourers, marginal farmers and marginal workers and the remaining 50 per cent weightage to the incidence of poverty. The programme also rural development essay that wage component of a project should not be less than 50 per cent of the total expenditure on the programme.

In this programme all the existing rural wage employment programmes were merged into JRY. The scheme envisaged to benefit lakh of families lying below the poverty line in India through panchayats, rural development essay. In JRY, the allocation of fund among different states has been done in proportion to the size of population below the poverty line only. Further devolution of funds to the districts has been determined by the criteria of its backwardness.

JRY made adequate provision of funds for their village panchayats to run its employment scheme for the rural poor. On an average, a village panchayat with its population people will receive between Rs 80, rural development essay, and Rs 1 lakh every year.

It was decided to provide employment to at least one member in each poor family for at least 50 to days annually. In andtotal employment generated under JRY was and million mandays respectively. Inthe achievement of JRY in respect of generation of gainful employment was to the tune of million mandays as against the target of million mandays.

Inthe achievement was million mandays as against the target of million mandays of employment and inthe achievement was million mandays as against of The budgets provide for an allocation of Rs 1, crore and the employment generation has been targeted at million mandays. But the total mandays of employment generated under JRY during up to Feb. Again, in respect of JRY, total number of mandays of employment generated during the Eighth Plan was 4, This multi-dimensional NSAP for the poor encompasses old age pension, family benefit in case of death of the bread winner and maternity benefit.

The NSAP is a centrally sponsored programme with per cent central funding and it rural development essay intended to ensure that social protection to the beneficiaries throughout the country is uniformly available without interruption.

The NSAP consists of the following three components :, rural development essay. This programme involves an expenditure of Rs. Inan outlay of Rs. Number of beneficiaries under NFBS were 0. Again, number of beneficiaries under NMBS were 1. The objective of the scheme is to promote social insurance in the rural areas with the active involvement of the Panchayats and to partly alleviate the distress caused by the death of the bread-winner among the rural poor, rural development essay.

The scheme is being administered by the Life Insurance Corporation LIC of India and implemented by the Panchayats in the rural areas for the age group of years. As on December 31,the Scheme has been implemented in 12 states and Union Territories and 50, persons under Panchayats have been covered under the scheme. It integrates various agencies— District Rural Development Agencies, banks, line departments, Panchayati Raj Institutions, non-government organisations and other semi-government organisations.

This programme is basically a self-employment programme. The objective of SGSY is to bring the existing poor families above the poverty line by providing them income generating assets through a rural development essay of bank credit and government subsidy and to ensure that an assisted family has a monthly net income of at least Rs 2, In respect of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, it is 50 per cent subject to a maximum of Rs 10, For groups, rural development essay, the subsidy is 50 per cent subject to a ceiling of Rs 1.

There is no monetary limit on subsidy for irrigation projects. SGSY is funded by the Centre and states in the ratio of Regarding the achievements of SGSY, it is observed that the number of families assisted were 0. Up to November,the Centre and Status, sharing the costs on 25 basis, has allocated Rs 8, crore, of which Rs 6, crore had been utilised to rural development essay Since inception in up to March Moreover, a total number of lakh Swarojgaries have been assisted with a total investment of Rs 46, Out of total Swarojgaries, rural development essay, Every family residing rural development essay the rural areas should be out of object poverty and enjoy a decent quality of life, rural development essay.

Social mobilization and building strong institutions of the poor is critical for unleashing the innate capabilities of the poor. An external dedicated and sensitive support structure is required to induce the social mobilization, institution building and empowerment process.

Facilitating knowledge dissemination, skill building, access to credit, access to marketing, and access to other livelihoods services enable then to enjoy a portfolio of sustainable livelihoods. Task under NRLM is rural development essay reach out to 7 crore rural poor households 35 crore population and stay engaged with them till they come out of object poverty. Building strong, self managed and self reliant institutions of the poor through dedicated support structures, financial inclusion, sustainable livelihood promotion and partnerships with NGOs, banks, training institutions, private sectors.

 

Rural Development: [Essay Example], words GradesFixer

 

rural development essay

 

Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry. Jul 23,  · Introduction: Rural development means the development of the village. Bangladesh is a land of villages. More than 80 percent of her people live in villages. So the importance of villages in our body politic is great. The development of the entire country depends on the welfare of these villages. So it is essential to keep [ ]Author: Abdullah Likhan. These Agriculture and Rural Development essays are especially beneficial for the students of senior secondary level and help them in essay writing, debate or other competitions. Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 1 ( Words) Nearly 45% of the total world population resides in villages, that is roughly Crores.